Jutland (Dan. Jylland), an irregular peninsula, forming a province of the kingdom of Denmark, lying between lat. 55° 18' and 57° 45' N., and lon. 8° 5' and 10° 57' E., bounded N. by the Skager Rack, E. by the Cattegat and the Little Belt, S. by Schleswig, and W. by the North sea; area, 9,738 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 788,119. It is the main part of the ancient Cim-bric Chersonese, and the country of the Jutes. The Jutes were a Germanic or Scandinavian tribe, of whose presence in this quarter we have evidence as early as the 5th century. According to Mannert, they were identical in race with the Guthi of Ptolemy, and came from the opposite Scandinavian coast. They were the earliest Teutonic invaders of Britain after the departure of the Romans. Jutland is divided into four districts called Stifts: Aalborg in the north, Aarhuus in the east, Viborg in the centre, and Ribe in the south and west. The capital is Viborg. The N. and part of the W. coast are low, flat, and sandy, presenting long lines of dangerous banks, broken on the west by several large fiords which may be said to form lagoons. The E. shores are more rocky and have some good harbors. The Liim or Lym fiord entirely insulates the N. part of the peninsula.
There are many ponds and marshes scattered over the surface, but few rivers. The largest streams are the Guden, which flows into the Cattegat, the Lonborg, which enters the Ring-kiobing fiord, and the Konge, which partly separates Jutland from Schleswig. There are no mountains, and the hills are little more than accumulations of sand, seldom exceeding 100 ft. in height. The Himmeljberg, the highest point, is only 550 ft. above the sea. The soil on the east and west is fertile, but the central districts are sandy and sterile, and the N. coast is covered with drifting sands, which are planted with reeds to prevent them from being borne by the wind over the cultivated lands. On the east there are considerable forests of oak, fir, and birch, but the province has been nearly stripped of its timber, with which it was covered in the 11th century. Agriculture is in a very low state, but efforts have been made with some success to improve it. The chief products are corn, hemp, flax, and tobacco. The climate is temperate but variable, with frequent fogs and rains. The industry of the inhabitants is directed chiefly to husbandry, the coast fisheries, and domestic manufactures. There are manufactories of woollen goods, firearms, and earthenware.
Commerce is active, and is much facilitated by the long fiords. The principal commercial emporium is Aarhuus, which is connected by railway with Viborg, Holstebro, Aalborg, and Veile.