I. Philip Christopher

I. Philip Christopher, count of, a Swedish adventurer, born about 1650, killed July 1, 1694. While a colonel in the Swedish service he went to the court of Hanover in 1692. The prince elector (subsequently George I. of England) had married his cousin Sophia Dorothea, daughter of the duke of Celle, a princess celebrated for her beauty. Alienated from her husband by his gloomy and jealous character, Sophia was attracted by Konigs-mark, whom she had known when young, and availed herself of his offer to aid her to fly from the court of Hanover, where she was most unkindly treated, to France. Their interviews were watched, and one evening on quitting her he was assassinated by order of the elector. Dr. Doran, in his "Lives of the Queens of the House of Hanover," endeavors to exonerate the princess from a guilty love for the gallant Swede; but the fact of its existence is established by the letters which she exchanged with him, published by Palmblad (Leipsic, 1847).

II. Maria Aurora

II. Maria Aurora, sister of the preceding, born probably in Stade about 1670, died in Quedlinburg, Feb. 16, 1728. She was an orphan, and went while yet a young girl to Dresden, hoping to recover by royal intervention her property, which was kept from her by Hamburg bankers. Augustus the Strong, the elector of Saxony and future king of Poland, made her his mistress, and by him she became mother of the celebrated Maurice of Saxony (Marshal Saxe). She was considered one of the most beautiful and accomplished women of her age. The last years of her life she spent in retirement as prioress of Quedlinburg. She left in manuscript a number of dramatic pieces and poems. The memorable incidents of her life were published by Cramer, Denkwurdigkei-ten der Grafin Konigsmark (2 vols., Leipsic, 1836), and a biography was written by Palmblad (6 vols., Leipsic, 1848-'53).