Languedoc, an ancient province of southern France, bounded N. by Lyonnais, E. by Dau-phiny and Provence, from which it was separated by the Rhone, S. E. by the Mediterranean, S. by Roussillon and Foix, W. by Gas-cony and Guienne, and N. W. by Auvergne. It was distinguished into Languedoc proper, comprising Haut-Languedoc, Bas-Languedoc, and the Cevennes, and the annexed provinces, Vivarais, Velay, Gevaudan, Albigeois, and part of Quercy. It nearly corresponds to the Gallia Narbonnensis of the Romans. The Visigoths took possession of it in the 5th century, calling it the kingdom of Gothia, and in the 8th it was occupied by the Saracens, who were expelled by Charles Martel and Pepin the Short. Charlemagne made of it the duchy of Septimania, the rulers of which made themselves independent; and in the 10th century it became the county of Toulouse. A part of it was ceded to the French crown in 1229, and the province was definitely united with France in 1271. The parliament sat at Toulouse, and the assembly of notables at Montpellier. The name Languedoc was formed from langue d'oc, oc being the word used by the inhabitants for oui, and distinguishing them from those N. of the Loire, who used oil (langue d'oil). It now forms the departments of Aude, Tarn, Herault, Lozere, Ardeche, and Gard, and parts of Haute-Garonne and Haute-Loire.