Le Moyne, a Canadian family, several of whose members performed important parts in the history of American colonization. The family arose with Charles Le Moyne, born in Normandy in 1626, died in Montreal, Canada, in 1683. He came to Canada in 1641, and after spending several years with the Hurons, settled at Montreal, where he obtained several land grants. He soon distinguished himself as an Indian fighter in a series of actions with the Iroquois, and was appointed commissary and procureur du roi. He was captured by the Iroquois in 1665, and held a prisoner for three months. After serving with distinction in Courcelles's and Tracy's expeditions, he was in 1668 ennobled by Louis XIV., and became seigneur of Longueil. To this the title Cha-teauguay was added some years after, on his acquiring that fief. He was for a long time captain of Montreal, and was recommended by De la Barre for governor of the city. He had eleven sons, of whom, besides the two most celebrated (see Bienville, and Iberville), the following acquired distinction.
I. Charles, baron de Longueil, born in Montreal, Dec. 10, 1656, died there, June 8, 1729. He first served in the French army in Flanders, under Marshal d'Humieres, and was made a lieutenant in the regulars; returning to Canada, he developed colonization and settled his concessions, building churches and a stone fort at Longueil. He was wounded in an action against the English under Phips, who attacked Quebec in 1690, and was made governor of Montreal and baron in 1700; became commandant general of the colony; was active in the preparation to receive the English under Walker and Nicholson in 1711; governor of Three Rivers in 1720, and of Montreal again in 1724. He persuaded the Iroquois in 1726, in spite of the opposition of Gov. Burnet of New York, to allow him to rebuild Fort Niagara.
II. Paul, sieur de Mari-court, born in Montreal, Dec. 15, 1663, died in March, 1704. He distinguished himself under his brother Iberville in Hudson bay and in the defence of Quebec, commanded a corps of the French forces against the Iroquois, and subsequently negotiated peace with them in 1701, and exercised great influence in the nation.
III. Joseph, sieur de Serigny, born in Montreal, July 22, 1668, died in Rochefort, France, in 1734. In 1694 and 1697 he brought over squadrons to operate against the English on Hudson bay, in concert with his brother Iberville. He was also in command of a squadron that brought out some of the first colonists of Louisiana. He surveyed the coasts of that colony in 1718-'19; took part in the capture of Pensacola from the Spaniards, May 14, 1719, and repulsed them with great gallantry from Dauphin island, Aug. 19; was made captain of a ship of the line in 1720; and in 1723 became governor of Rochefort, which office he held at his death.
IV. Antoine, sieur de Chateau-guay, born in Montreal, July 7, 1683, died in Rochefort, France, March 21, 1747. He entered the royal army, and arrived in Louisiana in 1704 with a body of colonists. He served under Iberville in his last expeditions against the English in 1705-'6, was made commandant of the troops in Louisiana in 1717, and king's lieutenant in the colony and knight of St. Louis in 1718. He took command of Pensacola after aiding with an Indian force to effect its capture from the Spaniards, May 14, 1719, surrendered it to them on Aug. 7, and was prisoner of war till July, 1720. He resumed command at Mobile after the peace, was made governor of Martinique in 1727, returned to France in 1744, and became governor of Isle Royale, or Cape Breton, in 1745. - Besides these, three other brothers attained some prominence. Jacques, sieur de Ste. Helene, born in April, 1659, served under Iberville on several occasions, and was mortally wounded in the defence against Phips in 1690. Francois, sieur de Bienville I., born March 10, 1666, was killed in battle with the Iroquois at Repentigny, June 7, 1691. Louis, sieur de Chateauguay I., born in January, 1676, was actively engaged in the operations at Hudson bay, especially in the capture of Fort Monsonis, was mortally wounded in the successful assault on Fort Nelson, and died Nov. 4, 1694. - Sauvoile, first colonial governor of Louisiana, who is sometimes spoken of as one of the brothers Le Moyne, was not of this family.