Lemnos (now Stalimni, Stalimene, or Lim-ni), a Turkish island in the Grecian archipelago, situated about 40 m.W. S. W. of the Dardanelles, in lat. 40° N., Ion. 25° E.; length 22 m., greatest breadth 20 m.; area, 195 sq. m.; pop. 10,000. Lemnos may be said to have been formed by the union of two peninsulas, the bay of Para-diso N. and that of Sant' Antonio S. almost dividing it into two parts. The surface is in general hilly, and the soil light. A considerable portion of the islanders are engaged in fishing. The capital, Castro or Limni (anc. Myri-nd), stands on the W. coast, and is the residence of a Greek bishop and of the Turkish governor.

According to Pliny, Lemnos once contained a labyrinth sustained by 150 columns, and the gates of which could be opened by a child. This island has been famous from remote antiquity for a species of earth termed terra Lem-nia, thought by the ancients to possess extraordinary medicinal virtues. In antiquity Lemnos was sacred to Vulcan, whose workshop is placed there by some of the poets. The most ancient inhabitants are said to have been Thra-cians, who were succeeded by the fabulous Minysa, and subsequently by Pelasgians. It was conquered by Darius, but delivered by Miltiades, and made an Athenian dependency.