I. Charles

I. Charles, a French archaeologist, born in Paris, June 1, 1802, died in Athens, Nov. 24, 1859. He studied law, but during a visit to Italy became interested in archaeology. In 1825 he was made inspector of fine arts; and in 1828 he accompanied the younger Champollion to Egypt, and subsequently explored the Morea. Returning to Paris, he held important positions in connection with art, antiquities, and numismatics. In 1835 he was adjunct professor to Guizot in the Sorbonne, but resigned in consequence of his alleged ultramontane views. In 1848 he was made professor of Egyptology in the college de France. Besides many special memoirs, he wrote, separately or in conjunction with others, Des artistes contemporains (2 vols., 1833); Tresor de numismatique et de glyptique (5 vols., 1836-50); Elite des monuments ceramo-graphiques (4 vols., 1837 - '61); Introduction d l'histoire orientate (1838); Musee des antiquites egyptiennes (1842); and Questions historiques (1848; 2d ed., 2 vols., 1854). - His wife, Amelie, a niece of Mme. Recamier, acquired celebrity as a leader of fashion and by her anonymous works, among which are: Souvenirs et correspondance tires des papiers de Mme. Recamier (2 vols., 1859); Coppet et Weimar: Mme. de Stael et la grande duchesse Louise (1862); and Quatre femmes au temps de la revolution (1865).

II. Francois

II. Francois, a French archaeologist, son of the preceding, born in Paris in 1835. He was educated by his father, and in 1874 succeeded Beule as professor of archaeology in the national library. He has published Manuel d 'histoire ancienne de l'orient (in conjunction with E. Chevallier, 3 vols., 1868-'9; English ed., 2 vols., London and Philadelphia, 1869-70); Lettres assyriolo-giques et epigraphiques (2 vols., 1871 - '2); Etudes accadiennes (1873 et seq.); La magie chez les Assyriens (1874); Souvenirs d'enfance et de jeunesse de Chateaubriand (1874); and Les dernieres civilisations (1874).