Licking, a central county of Ohio, drained by the Licking river; area, 666 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 35,756. It has a level surface and a good soil, mostly under cultivation, and abounds in iron ore. It is intersected by the Ohio canal, and by the Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, and St. Louis railroad, and the Central Ohio and Lake Erie divisions of the Baltimore and Ohio. The chief productions in 1870 were 332,381 bushels of wheat, 1,556,341 of Indian corn, 359,617 of oats, 145,305 of potatoes, 1,061,513 lbs. of wool, 858,152 of butter, and 49,995 tons of hay. There were 9,993 horses, 8,319 milch cows, 14,898 other cattle, 220,963 sheep, and 31,103 swine; 26 manufactories of carriages, 2 of brick, 1 of rectified coal oil, 6 of iron castings, 2 of engines and boilers, 12 of saddlery and harness, 1 of sash, doors, and blinds, 6 of tin, copper, and sheet-iron ware, 1 of woollen goods, 13 tanneries, 9 currying establishments, 1 distillery, 3 breweries, 3 flour mills, 1 planing mill, and 10 saw mills. Capital, Newark.
I. A River Of Kentucky, rising in Floyd co. among the Cumberland mountains, and, after a N. W. course of more than 200 m., falling into the Ohio at Newport, opposite Cincinnati. It is navigable for small steamers to Falmouth, about 50 m. from its mouth.
II. A River Of Ohio, called the Pataskala by the Indians, rising near the centre of the state, and, after a winding S. E. course of about 75 m., falling into the Muskingum at Zanesville. It furnishes valuable water power.