I. Charles Joseph, prince de, an Austrian general, son of Claude Lamoral II., viceroy of Sicily, and descended on his mother's side from Mary, queen of Scots, born in Brussels in May, 1735, died in Vienna, Dec. 13, 1814. His father and grandfather, members of a princely house which was settled in Hainaut as early as the 11th century, had both been field marshals of Austria, and he entered his father's regiment as ensign in 1752. In 1756 he became a captain, and distinguished himself during the seven years' war. His bravery at the battle of Hoehkirch in 1758 gained him the rank of colonel. He was made major general in 1765, and lieutenant general in 1771. In 1782 he was sent on diplomatic business to Russia, where Catharine II. loaded him with favors and gave him a large estate in the Crimea. In 1788 he was appointed general of artillery by Joseph II., and in the following year he had an important share in the taking of Belgrade by Laudon. He lost favor at court in consequence of his son's participation in the rebellion of the Low Countries against Austria in 1790; and although he obtained the rank of field marshal by regular promotion in 1808, he was never restored to active service.
The last years of his life were passed chiefly in literary pursuits.. His works are nearly all included in his Melanges mili-taires, litteraires et sentimentaires (34 vols. 12mo, Vienna and Dresden, 1795-1811), and in his (Euvres posthumes (6 vols. 8vo, 1817). The former series Mme. de Stael abridged in two interesting volumes entitled Lettres et pensees (Paris, 1809).
II. Eugene Lamoral, prince of Amblise and of Epinoy, a Belgian statesman, grandson of the preceding, born in Brussels, Jan. 28, 1804. After the revolution of 1830 his name was mentioned in connection with the throne of Belgium. In 1838 he represented his country at the coronation of Queen Victoria. He was ambassador to France from 1842 to 1848, and to Italy in 1848 and 1849. He became a member of the senate in 1851, subsequently its president, and in 1863 a minister of state, positions which he still held in 1874.