Lord Ashburton John Dunning, an English lawyer, born in Ashburton, Devonshire, Oct. 18, 1731, died in Exmouth, Aug. 18, 1783. At the age of 19 he went to London, where he was admitted to the bar in 1756. For a long time he obtained little practice; but having been employed in 1762 to draw up the defence of the English merchants against the Dutch East India company, he gained much reputation, which was soon afterward increased by the able manner in which he conducted the case of Wilkes. In 1768 he was elected to parliament, where he sat in the house of commons until he was raised to the peerage in 1782. In 1770 he resigned the office of solicitor general, which he had held for three years. In 1782 he was appointed chancellor of the duchy of Lancaster. He was a strong opponent of the administration during most of the American war; but his reputation is tarnished by his acceptance of a pension of £4,000 after he was raised to the peerage, although he had before objected to the needless and burdensome amount of the pension list, and was very wealthy.