Ludwig Borne, a German author, of Jewish origin, born at Frankfort-on-the-Main, May 18, 1786, died in Paris, Feb. 13, 1837. His father, Jakob Baruch, was a banker, and his grandfather was employed on a diplomatic mission to Vienna. He studied medicine, philosophy, and political science at Berlin, Halle, Heidelberg, and Giessen, and then entered the public service at Frankfort. When that city was restored to the condition of a free town he turned his attention to literature, and established two journals, the Staats-Ristretto and the Zeitschwingen, at Oifenbach, near Frankfort. These were suppressed on account of their boldness in dealing with public affairs, and the editor was arraigned for circulating seditious pamphlets. He was acquitted, and in 1818, having in the mean time become a convert to Christianity and changed his name, he established a paper called Die Wage, which became famous by theatrical criticisms. He was a severe and caustic critic of the existing order of things, and lived much in isolation at Frankfort, Hamburg, and Paris. After the revolution of 1830 he established La Balance in Paris, with a view to creating a closer intellectual and social union between France and Germany. His Denkrede auf Jean Paul, remarkable for great elevation of thought, and his Kernel der Franzosenfresser, a fierce satire, are his best'productions. Most of his writings are included in his Gesammelte Schriften (17 vols., 1829-'47) and Nachgelassene Schriften (6 vols., Mannheim, 1847-'50).