I. An E. Province Of Italy, bordering on Ancona, Umbria, Ascoli Piceno, and the Adriatic; area, 1,057 sq. m.; pop. in 1872, 236,994. The two former papal delegations of Macerata and Camerino constitute the present two districts of the province. It is remarkable for its picturesque scenery. The surface of the district of Camerino is so mountainous that only one third of the soil is susceptible of cultivation; the highest summits of the Apennines here are the Pennino and San Cataldo. The highest point in the district of Macerata is the San Vicino. This district is watered by the Potenza, Chienti, and many other streams, and the soil is favorable to almost every kind of agricultural production. The principal towns, besides the capital, are Recanati, Tolentino, and Camerino.
II. A City, capital of the province, situated in the midst of hills between the Chienti and Potenza valleys, and commanding views of the Apennines and Adriatic, 21 m. S. of Ancona; pop. about 11,000. It is walled and has six gates, one (Porta Pia) resembling a ponderous triumphal arch. The town and its suburbs are old, but contain fine streets and houses and several palaces. In the cathedral, situated in a large but irregular square, is a picture ascribed to Perugino. It formerly possessed a university, but the institution has lost that distinctive character, though various branches of learning are still taught there. In the Palazzo Compagnoni is a museum of relics, chiefly found among the neighboring ruins of the Roman colony Hel-via Ricina. The communal library has over 30,000 volumes. Outside of the gate leading to Fermo is the largest hall in Italy for the national game of pallone (football). The trade is active in agricultural products and in cattle, and wool, honey, and wax are exported.