Majesty, a title of the highest honor, first used by the Romans to designate the supreme power and dignity of the people (majestas po-puli Romani), as well as of its highest chosen representatives or rulers, as dictators, consuls, and the senate. On the overthrow of the republic, the emperors assumed the same title (majestas August i), and in the middle ages it was adopted by the German emperors. Of kings, it was given to Louis XI. of France in 1461, and Henry VIII. of England assumed it in 1520. When Charles V. was elected emperor of Germany in 1519, he took the title also as king of Spain. It is now generally bestowed on all emperors and kings of Europe, except the sultan, who is styled highness, as well as on the emperor of Brazil. The emperor of Austria is addressed as imperial and royal apostolical majesty. The titles of Catholic majesty and most Christian majesty were bestowed bv the see of Koine on the kings of Spain and Franco respectively. James I. of England used the style "sacred " and « most excellent majesty." Violations of the majesty of the people, as for instance treason, were termed bv the Romans crimina Ima majesta-ti», a term also used of violations of monarchical dignity.