Managua, a city and the capital of Nicaragua, and of the department of Granada, situated on the S. shore of the lake of the same name, 220 ft. above the level of the Pacific, in lat. 12° 7' N., Ion. 86° 12' W.; pop. about 6,500, for the most part proprietors of the fertile lands which surround it, and which are productive in all tropical staples. The public buildings are few and devoid of beauty. The old parish church, which was in a state of ruin, has been demolished, and a new edifice is in process of construction; and there are four other churches. The national palace is a low square edifice witli balconies in the Spanish style, the only ornate portions of which are the congress halls and those occupied by the president of the republic. A new structure beside the palace contains the cabildo or city hall, a prison, and barracks. The environs of Managua are very picturesque; on the declivities of the mountain range to the south there are more than 100 coffee plantations, yielding copious crops, despite the lack of water for irrigation in some of them; and in another direction are the lakes of Tiscapa, Neiapa, and Asososca, near the banks of which last exist curious antique paintings.
Managua owes its rank as capital chiefly to the rivalries of the cities of Granada and Leon, and partly to its central position.