Manresa, a town of Spain, in the province and 30 m. N. N. W. of the city of Barcelona, near the left bank of the Llobregat river; pop. about 15,000. It is one of the most picturesque towns in Catalonia and the centre of a rich farming district, and has extensive manufactures of broadcloth, cotton, silk, tape, ribbons, gunpowder, and brandy. The streets are clean and well paved, but many of them are crooked and steep, and lined with quaint old-fashioned houses. There are some elegant churches and other public buildings, and in the neighborhood is the famous monastery of Montserrat, and the "cave of St. Ignatius," where Loyola passed some time in retirement before founding the society of Jesus. Manivsa was taken by the French under Macdonald, March 30, 1811, when more than 800 buildings were burned, including hospitals and churches. This wanton act so incensed the Catalans, that they fell upon the rear of the French army on its march to Barcelona, and destroyed 1,000 men.