Marcus Fabius Quintilian (Quintilianus), a Roman rhetorician, born probably at Calagur-ris in Spain about A. D. 40, died about 118. He was educated at Rome, and was an advocate and teacher of eloquence. Among his pupils were the younger Pliny and the two grand-nephews of Domitian, by which monarch he was invested with the consular honors and title. He was the first public teacher of oratory who received from the imperial treasury a regular salary (100,000 sesterces a year), the endowment having been made by Vespasian. He continued his teaching for about 20 years, with the greatest success. His great work was De Institutione Oratoria Libri XII., called also Institutiones Oratorioe, which is both a complete system and a model of eloquence. There are 164 declamations falsely ascribed to him. The first complete manuscript of the "Institutes" was discovered by Poggio Bracciolini in the monastery of St. Gall. The editio princeps was printed at Rome by Lignamine (fol., 1470); the best edition is that by Spalding and Zumpt (6 vols. 8vo, Leip-sic, 1798-1829). The "Institutes" have been translated into English by Guthrie (2 vols. 8vo, London, 1756), by Patsall (2 vols., 1774), and by Watson (2 vols., 1856).