I. A central county of the upper peninsula of Michigan, bounded N. E. , by Lake Superior and S. W. by Wisconsin, and ! drained f,y the Escanaba, Michigamig, and Me-quacumecuin rivers and other streams; area, about 3,425 sq. rn.; pop. in 1870, 15,033. The surface is diversified and covered by extensive pine forests. It contains granite and limestone, and immense deposits of iron ore, the mining of which is the chief business. It is traversed by the Marquette, Houghton, and Ontonagon railroad, and by the Peninsular division of the Chicago and Northwestern. According to the census of 1870, there were 11 iron mines (the entire number in the Lake Superior region), employing 2,005 hands, and yielding 690,393 tons of ore, valued at 82 077 -963. There were 8 blast furnaces, 3 founderies, 3 machine shops, 4 breweries, 3 charcoal factories, and 7 saw mills. The shipments in 1872 were 896,877 tons of ore, and 38,072 of pig iron. Capital, Marquette.
A S. Central County Of Wisconsin, intersected by the Nee-nah or Eox river; area, about 550 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 8,050. The surface is diversified and the soil good; it contains several lakes. The chief productions in 1870 were 144,502 bushels of wheat, 77,488 of rye, 116,049 of Indian corn, 77,881 of oats, 68,950 of potatoes, 49,508 lbs. of wool, 240,408 of butter, 22,391 of hops, and 20,192 tons of hay. There were 2,220 horses, 3,429 milch cows, 1,163 working oxen, 4,265 other cattle, 16,488 sheep, and 4,312 swine. Capital, Montello.
Marquette, a city, port of entry, and the county seat of Marquette co., Michigan, situated on Lake Superior, at the terminus of the Marquette, Houghton, and Ontonagon railroad, 360 m. N. W. of Detroit, and 320' m. N. of Chicago; pop. in 1874, 5,242. It is the chief depot of supplies for the iron mines of the upper peninsula, and the principal point of shipment for the ore. There are three blast furnaces and a rolling mill within the city limits, and several furnaces in the vicinity. Marquette is supplied with water on the Holly plan, is lighted with gas, and has an efficient fire department. It has three banks, with a joint capital of $700,000; graded public schools, with four school buildings costing $60,000; a weekly newspaper, a public library, and six churches, viz.: Baptist, Episcopal, Methodist, Presbyterian, and Roman Catholic (two).