Matthew Baillie, a Scottish physician, born at the manse of Shatts, Lanarkshire, Oct. 27, 1761, died at Cirencester, Gloucestershire, Sept. 23, 1823. He was the elder brother of Joanna Baillie, and nephew of William and John Hunter, the anatomists. Having spent several years at the Glasgow university and one year at Balliol college, Oxford, he went to London in 1780 to study under the direction of Dr. William Hunter, to whom two years after he became assistant and demonstrator. In 1783, on the death of Dr. Hunter, who bequeathed him his anatomical theatre and the use of his museum for 30 years, Mr. Baillie commenced giving lectures in conjunction with Mr. Cruik-shank, the anatomist. He was for 13 years physician to St. George's hospital, and in 1795 published a very valuable treatise on morbid anatomy, which was translated into German, French, and Italian. He afterward published a 4to volume of illustrations to this work. By the time he was 40 his fees in one year (during which he said he had scarcelv time to take a regular meal) amounted to £10,000. He bequeathed his medical library and his valuable collection of anatomical preparations to the college of physicians, with £600 to keep them in a perfect state of preservation.

His lectures were published after his death.