Maulmain, Or Monlmehi, a port of Tenasse-rim, on the E. side of the bay of Bengal, at the mouth of the Salwen, on a small peninsula formed by that river and the Gyne and Atta-ran, and nearly opposite the Burmese town of Martaban: lat. 16 ' 30'N., Ion. 97° 37' E.; pop. about 50,000. The banks of the Salwen are lined with jungle from its mouth to the town, and the horizon is bounded, at the distance of from 1 to 6 m., by hills parallel with the stream, covered with trees to their summits. The native houses are raised on piles, 10 or 12 ft. from the ground, and are formed of mats and palm leaves. The houses of the Europeans and those of the wealthier Bnrmans are built entirely of wood, also raised upon piles. There are a few scattered brick buildings. The native town consists of one long street, which runs for nearly 4 m. along the bank of the Salwen, and a few others which branch from it toward the heights on the east and connect it with the huropean houses. There are several wooden jetties along the shore. The inhabitants consist of Burmans, Talains, Chinese, Bengalese, and Madrasese, with a few Armenians, Jews, and Cingalese. A considerable number of Europeans are settled there, and a few missionaries.
I lure are seven Christian churches, five of which are Protestant. Maulmain is a place of considerable trade, principally with Calcutta, Madras, Rangoon, and Penang. The exports consist chiefly of timber, ivory, wax stick lac, caoutchouc, cajeput oil, gum resins, nut oil, sandal wood, dammar, tanning substances and dyes, aloes, and sapan wood. With the exception of timber, all the articles used in ship building are imported, besides cotton cloth, coarse earthenware, sugar, tobacco, arms, and gunpowder. The forests in the immediate neighborhood yield an abundant supply of teak timber, and ship building is successfully carried on. When the Tenasserim provinces were ceded by the Burmese to the British in 1826, the site upon which Maulmain stands was covered with jungle overrun by tigers. The heat is not so oppressive as on the coast of Coromandel, the thermometer seldom rising above 90° in the shade.