Messala, Or Messalla (Marcus Valerius Messala Corvixus), a Roman general, born according to Eusebius in 59, but according to Scaliger about 70 B. C, died about the beginning of the Christian era. He completed his studies at Athens, and on the outbreak of the second civil war joined Brutus and Cassius in the East, was appointed to the third rank in the republican army, and commanded under Cassius at Philippi (42). After the overthrow of his party he surrendered to Antony, to whom he attached himself until, perceiving the ruin of that triumvir inevitable, he withdrew from his service, and entered that of his rival, for whom he fought in Sicily, against the Salassi in the Alps, and at Actium (31). He was appointed to succeed Antony as consul, and subsequently he obtained the procon-sulship of Aquitania, for the reduction of which province a triumph was decreed him. lie was selected by the senate to greet Octavius with the title of pater patriot, and the exordium of his oration has been preserved by Suetonius. Soon after this Messala resigned all his official dignities except the augurship, and retired to private life.
Fragments of his orations remain (Paris, 1842); his other writings are only known by their titles.