I. Andre

Andre, a French botanist, born in Versailles, March 7, 1746, died in Madagascar, Nov. 13, 1802. He studied under Bernard de Jussieu, and was afterward a pupil at thajardin des plantes, and an associate of Lamarck and Thouin in their botanizing excursions. After travelling in the Pyrenees and Spain ho accompanied the French consul to Persia, and remained in the East for two years making botanical collections and observations. In the "garden of Semiramis" near Bagdad he discovered a Persepolitan monument, which he sent to the cabinet of antiquities in the royal library at Paris. Commissioned by the French government in 1785 to make a journey through North America, he traversed a great part of the continent from Florida to Hudson bay, established botanic gardens near Charleston and New York, and sent home an immense quantity of plants and seeds. The New York garden was really in Bergen co., N. J. The government allowance for the expense of this undertaking having ceased at the revolution, he made use of his private purse until it was exhausted. On his voyage home he was shipwrecked and lost all that he possessed except four cases of specimens. He reached home in 1796, and found that the plantations to which he had contributed 60,000 young trees had been destroyed during the revolution.

In 1800 he joined the expedition to Australia under Capt. Baudin, but left it at the Isle of France, and went to Madagascar, where he was attacked by fever and died. He left an Histoire des chines de l'Amerique Septen-trionale (fol., Paris, 1801), and Flora Boreali-Americana (2 vols. 8vo, 1803). H. Francois Andre, a French botanist, son of the preceding, born in Versailles in 1770, died at Vaure'al, near Pontoise, Oct. 23, 1855. He was employed by the French government on a scientific mission to North America, to decide what species of the forest trees of that country might profitably be introduced into Europe, and made three voyages to the United States, whence he sent to France large quantities of valuable seeds. His principal work is Histoire des arbresforestiers de l' Amerique Septentrionale (4 vols. 8vo, Paris, 1810-' 13), of which an English translation by the author was published in Paris and Philadelphia (4 vols. 8vo, 1817-'19), and another edition, translated by Hillhouse (Philadelphia, 1830). Three supplementary volumes were added by Thomas Nuttall in 1842-9, which contained the trees not included in Michaux's work, and the whole is now published in five volumes, two by Mi-chaux and three by Nuttall. He also published Memoire sur la naturalisation des arbres forestiers de l'Amerique (Paris, 1805), and Voyage d Vouest des monts Alleghanies (1804; English translation, London, 1805).