A N. W. County Of North Carolina, bordering on Tennessee, bounded S. W. by the Nolichucky river; area, about 530 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 4,705, of whom 213 were colored. It lies between the Blue Ridge and Iron mountains. In 1867 five valuable mica mines were discovered in this county, which have since been extensively worked, and the trade has enabled the inhabitants to pay off the entire debt of the county. The chief productions in 1870 were 12,530 bushels of wheat, 6,065 of rye, 72,860 of Indian corn, 21,311 of oats, 8,483 of potatoes, 8,725 lbs. of wool, and 35,760 of butter. There were 665 horses, 1,416 milch cows, 2,207 other cattle, 5,142 sheep, and 6,889 swine. Capital, Bakersville.
A S. W. County Of Georgia, bounded N. E. by Flint river; area, about 500 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 6,633, of whom 2,950 were colored. The surface is level and the soil fertile. It is traversed by the Albany division of the Atlantic and Gulf railroad. The chief productions in 1870 were 150,526 bushels of Indian corn, 26,240 of oats, 21,382 of sweet potatoes, 39,860 lbs. of butter, 4,708 bales of cotton, and 21,412 gallons of sorghum molasses. There were 2,133 milch cows, 4,121 other cattle, 2,092 sheep, and 7,186 swine. Capital, Camilla.
A N. County Of Iowa, bordering on Minnesota and intersected by the Red Cedar river and its E. fork; area, 431 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 9.582. It is intersected by the Burlington, Cedar Rapids, and Minnesota railroad. The chief productions in 1870 were 564,894 bushels of wheat, 150,847 of Indian corn, 358,105 of oats, 33,804 of barley, 36,141 of potatoes, 8,906 lbs. of wool, 194,060 of butter, and 15,415 tons of hay. There were 2,600 horses, 2,986 milch cows, 5,685 other cattle, 2,440 sheep, and 2,603 swine;; 2 manufactories of agricultural implements, 6 of carriages and wagons, 1 of iron castings, 1 of patent medicines, 1 woollen mill, 3 saw mills, and 1 Hour mill. Capital. Mitchell.
A N. Central County Of Kansas, intersected by Solomon river; area, 720 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 485. The surface is undulating, and consists mostly of fertile prairies. The chief prodnction in 1870 was 6,250 bushels of Indian corn. The value of live stock was $56,377. Capital. Beloit.
John Rearsley,an American physician, born at Shepherdstown, Jefferson co., Va., May 12. 1798, died in Philadelphia, April 4. 1858. He was educated in Scotland, graduated M. D, at the university of Pennsylvania in 1819, made three voyages to China as ship's surgeon, and in 1S22 began to practise medicine and teach physiology in Philadelphia. In 1826 he became professor of chemistry in the Philadelphia medical institute, in 1833 in the Franklin institute, and in 1841 of the theory and practice of medicine in the Jefferson medical college. He published "Indecision, and other Poems" (Philadelphia, 1839), "On the Cryptogamous Origin of Malarious and Epidemical Fever," (1849), and several popular scientific lectures. After his death appeared a selection from his papers entitled "Five Es- says," etc. (1858). H. S. Weir, an American physician, son of the preceding, born in Philadelphia, Feb. 15, 1829.He graduated at Jefferson medical college in 1850. His earlier researches were chiefly in toxicology, and are especially authoritative on the venom of serpents. His later writings have been almost entirely devoted to diseases of the nervous system.
He has published, with G. R. Morehouse, M. D., and W. W. Keen, M. D., "Gunshot Wounds and other Injuries of the Nerves" (Philadelphia, 1864), and "Injuries to Nerves, and their Consequences" (1871); and he has also made numerous contributions to scientific journals, including "Experimental Researches relative to Corroval and Vao, American Arrow Poisons," with W. A. Hammond, M. 1). ("American Journal of Medical Sciences,1' 1859); "Toxicological Study of Ordeal Poi-'sons, Sassy Bark" ("Charleston Medical and Surgical Journal," 1859); " Researches on the Venom of the Rattlesnake" ("Smithsonian Contributions to Knowledge," 1860); "Treatment of Rattlesnake Bites " (" North American Medical and Chirurgical Review," 1861); "On the Circulation in Chelonura Serpentina " ("Memoirs of the American Philosophical So-ciety,"1862); "ArsenicalAlbuminuria"("New York Medical Journal," 1865); "Antagonism of Atropia and Morphia," with Drs. Morehouse and Keen (" American Journal of the Medical Sciences," 1865); "Palsy from Peripheral Irritations " (" New York Medical Journal," 1866); "Production of Spasms from Cold to the Skin" (" American Journal of the Medical Sciences," two papers, 1867-'8); and "Experimental Contributions to the Toxicology of Rattlesnake Venom" ("New York Medical Journal," 1868).