Montcalm, a 8. central county of the S. peninsula of Michigan, watered by tributaries of the Muskegon, Chippewa, and Grand rivers; area, 720 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 13,629. It has an undulating surface and a fertile soil. The Detroit, Lansing, and Lake Michigan railroad and the Stanton branch traverse it. The chief productions in 1870 were 136,778 bushels of wheat, 117,163 of Indian corn, 63,025 of oats, 178,010 of potatoes, 49,541 lbs. of wool, 50,-755 of maple sugar, 43,346 of butter, and 13,141 tons of hay. There were 1,827 horses, 2,256 milch cows, 2,996 other cattle, 13.485 sheep, and 3,346 swine; 3 manufactories of boots and shoes, 4 of carriages and wagons, 3 of saddlery and harness, 4 of sash, doors, and blinds, 2 flour mills, and 49 saw mills. Capital, Stanton.
Montcalm, a S.W. county of Quebec, Canada, N. of the St. Lawrence river; area, 4,027 sq. m.; pop. in 1871, 12,742, of whom 10,794 were of French and 1,557 of Irish origin and descent. It is watered by the Gatineau, Du Lievre, Eouge, North, and Lac Ouareau rivers, and other streams. Capital, Ste. Julienne.