Montmorency, a N. E. county of the S. peninsula of Michigan, watered by Black and Thunder Bay rivers; area, 576 sq. m.; returned as having no population in 1870. The surface consists of rolling table lands; the climate is severe, and the soil not fertile.
Montmorency, an E. county of Quebec, Canada, bounded S. E. by the St. Lawrence, and drained by the Montmorency and St. Anne rivers; area, 2,183 sq. m.; pop. in 1871, 12,-085, of whom 11,602 were of French origin or descent. It has an uneven surface and fertile soil. The isle of Orleans in the St. Lawrence river is included in the county. Capital, Chateau Richer.
Montmorency, a town of France, in the department of Seine-et-Oise, 7 m. N. of the enceinte of Paris; pop. about 3,500. It is on a hill commanding a fine view. There is a hand-' some Gothic church of the 14th or 15th century. The place is celebrated from the house near it called l'Ermitage, in which Jean Jacques Rousseau resided in 1756-'8, and wrote his Nouvelle Helo'ise. It was a peasant's house belonging to Mme. d'Epinay. It was afterward occupied by Gretry the composer, who died there in 1813. It now forms part of a large mansion; only the garden is as it was in Rousseau's time. Rousseau's Contrat social and Emile were also written in Montmorency, though not in the Hermitage. The town grew up around the chateau of Montmorency, built in 1108, no trace of which remains.
Montmorency, a French feudal family, deriving its title from the chateau of the same name, and tracing its origin to the middle of the 10th century. Its members were styled "the first barons of France," or "the first Christian barons." Among them were six grand constables, twelve marshals, and four grand admirals of France, besides cardinals, grand masters, and knights of all European orders, and they intermarried several times with royal families. Two branches of the family established themselves in the Netherlands. Among their descendants were the count of Horn (Philip II. de Montmorency-Nivelle), executed with Egmont in Brussels, June 5, 1568; Floris de Montmorency, baron de Mon-tigny, executed by order of Philip II., Oct. 14, 1570; and Marshal Luxembourg. The following are the chief historical characters of the French branch.
Anoe, first duke de Montmorency, born at Chantilly, March 15, 1492, died in Paris, Nov. 12,1567. He distinguished himself first in the battle of Ravenna, in 1512. In 1515 he followed Francis I. to Italy, and fought bravely at Marignano. He exhibited great activity and firmness during the siege of Mezieres in 1521, and for his gallantry in the disastrous battle of Bicoca, near Milan, in 1522, was created marshal. In 1524 he forced the constable de Bourbon to raise the siege of Marseilles. In 1525 he was made prisoner at the battle of Pavia, but was ransomed. lie became governor of Languedoc and grand master of France in 1526, and was intrusted with the management of the finances. His avarice displeased the Genoese admiral Doria, who broke off his alliance with the king of France, and became one of the stanchest supporters of Charles V. In 1536 Montmorency laid waste Provence, which the imperial army had entered, and by prolonging the campaign nearly destroyed the enemy. Two years later he was made constable. In 1541 court intrigues caused his disgrace, and he retired to Chantilly; but after the death of Francis I. his influence at court became paramount. In 1548 he put down an insurrection in Guienne with cruel rigor.
In 1551 his baronial estate was erected into a duchy by Henry II. He was defeated and taken prisoner at the battle of St. Quentin, Aug. 10, 1557, by Duke Philibert Emanuel of Savoy, and, anxious to secure his release, was instrumental in bringing about in 1559 the disadvantageous peace of Cateau-Cambresis. During the reign of Francis II. he lived in retirement; but he played a conspicuous part under Charles IX., and with the duke of Guise and Marshal Saint-Andre, with whom he formed a kind of triumvirate, was an uncompromising enemy of the Huguenots. At the battle of Dreux, Dec. 19,1562, where he shared the command with his two colleagues, he was Avounded and taken by the Protestants, although Guise won the day. Released by the peace of Am-boise in 1563, he retook Havre from the English. In 1567, at the head of the Catholic army, he fought a drawn battle with the prince de Conde, near St. Denis, in which he was mortally wounded.
Henri II, fourth and last duke de Montmorency, grandson of the preceding, born in Chantillv, April 30, 1595, executed in Toulouse, Oct. 30, 1632. Louis XIII. appointed him admiral of France before he was 17 years old. He succeeded his father as governor of Languedoc, fought against the Protestants, distinguished himself at the sieges of Montauban and Montpellier, and in 1625 conquered the islands of Re and Oleron. He now sold his office of admiral to Richelieu. Montmorency continued to oppose the duke de Rohan, who remained in arms for eight months after the taking of La Rochelle, and thus contributed to bring about the peace of Alais (1629) which terminated the last of the religious civil wars in France. In the same year he distinguished himself in Italy, and was finally made a marshal. After his return he joined Gaston of Orleans in his rebellion, and assembled his troops while Gaston was enter-insr the kimrdom from Lorraine at the head of a few thousand adventurers; but in the battle of Castelnaudary, Sept. 1. 1632, he was deserted by his ally and taken prisoner, He was sentenced to death by the parliament of Toulouse, and by order of Richelieu publicly beheaded in the great square.
His life was written by Du-cros, one of his officers (4to, 1633). III. Mattliieu Jean Felirite. viscount and afterward duke de Montmorency-Laval, born in Paris, July 10, 1767. died there, March 24, 1826. He served in the American war, and was a deputy in 1789 to the constitutional assembly, where, during the famous night of Aug. 4, he was among the foremost to move for the spontaneous renunciation of feudal privileges and titles of nobility. Alarmed by the process of the revolution, he emigrated in 1792, and returned in 1795, but kept aloof from politics, and lived on terms of intimate friendship with Mine-, de Stael and Re-eamier. He received no favors from Napoleon, but on the return of the Bourbons was appointed aide-de-camp to the count of Artois and peer of France, and on Dec. 24, 1821, minister of foreign affairs. He and Chateaubriand were the French plenipotentiaries at the congress of Verona, and on his return he was made governor to the infant duke of Bordeaux. Although he had no literary merit, he was elected in 1825 a member of the French academy.
Ho died while at prayer in church.