Nicolas Fernandez, a Spanish poet, born in Madrid, July 20,1737, died there, May 11, 1780. He was a lawyer by profession, but became the reformer of the Spanish theatre, and, with the aid of a royal injunction, drove the autos sacramentales from the stage. He wrote a comedy called Petimetra (1762), Diana, a didactic poem (1765), and a narrative poem, Las naves de Hernan Cortes. His best tragedies are Lucrccia, Ormesonda, and Guzman el Bueno. He also wrote in prose on historical subjects. In 1821 his son published a volume of posthumous poems, together with a life and some of his more celebrated lyrics.
Lcandro Fernandez De, a Spanish dramatist, son of the preceding, born in Madrid, March 10, 1760, died in Paris, June 21, 1828. He worked as a jeweller till he was 23 years old. At 18 he obtained the second prize of the academy for his poem La toma de Granada. In 1780 he published a satire entitled Leccion poetica, and in 1787 he was made secretary to the Spanish embassy at Paris; and he was afterward sent at the public charge to study the drama of Germany, England, Italy, and France. On his return an office in the department of foreign affairs was assigned him. About this time he published a translation of Hamlet, and brought out in the theatre El baron (1803), La rnogigata (1804), and El si de las niiias (1806), the most popular of his plays, performed for 26 nights consecutively, reprinted four times in the same year, and translated into many languages. After many misfortunes he went to Paris in 1827, and died in poverty. Other celebrated works of Moratin are the comedies El viejo y la nina and La comedia nueva, and Origenes del teatro espanol.
He has been called the Spanish Moliere. A complete edition of his works has been published.