Mount Tabor (Gr. 'Aταβύριον; now Jebel et-Tur), an insulated eminence in the plain of Esdraelon, about 6 m. S. E. of Nazareth, in Galilee, commonly regarded as the scene of the transfiguration of Christ. It is about 1,800 ft. high, composed entirely of limestone, and its sides are covered up to the summit with the valonia oak, wild pistachios, myrtles, and other shrubs. Its summit is a platdau about 600 yards in extent from N. to S. and 300 yards across. All around this plain are traces of an ancient wall, and below it on the S. E. side of the hill are the ruins of a fortification, a gateway of Saracenic architecture called " the gate of the wind," and a small vault where the Latin monks from Nazareth annually celebrate the transfiguration. Among the ruins of a church on the N. side of the mountain the Greeks observe the same festival. Tabor is several times mentioned in the Old Testament, and upon it Deborah and Barak assembled the warriors of Israel previous to the battle with Sisera. There was upon it a city of the Levites of the tribe of Zebulon, which was taken and fortified by Antiochus the Great, 218 B. C. In 55 B. C. a battle was fought near it between the Romans under the proconsul Gabinius and the Jews under Alexander the son of Aristobu-lus, in which 10,000 Jews were slain.

Tabor is not named in the New Testament, and was first mentioned as the place of the transfiguration in the 4th century. At the foot of it the crusaders several times fought the Moslems, and Napoleon gained a victory over the Turks.