Napoleon Gobert, baron, a French philanthropist, born in 1807, died in Cairo, Egypt, in 1833. He was the son of a general, and godson of Napoleon. He served in the army without distinction. By his will the French academy and the academy of inscriptions were made his residuary legatees, on condition that the former should award nine tenths of the income of its share of the legacy as a prize to the author of the most eloquent work on French history that had appeared during the year preceding the distribution, and one tenth to the next in merit; and that the academy of inscriptions should award similar prizes to the authors of the first and second most learned and profound works on the history of France; this income to be paid annually to the recipients until better works of the same kind should appear. The heirs unsuccessfully contested the bequest, but the academies compounded with them, and secured an income of 10,000 francs each, which has since 1840 been disposed of in accordance with the will.