Nicholas Wiseman, an English cardinal, born in Seville, Spain, Aug. 2, 1802, died in London, Feb. 15, 1865. He received his early education in England, and in 1818 he went to Rome, where he entered the English college, and graduated D. D. at the age of 22. He was ordained to the priesthood in 1825, and appointed professor of oriental languages in the Roman university in 1827, at which time he was also vice rector of the English college, to the rectorship of which he was advanced in 1828. Returning to England in 1835, he soon became celebrated as a preacher and lecturer. In the Lent of 1837 he delivered four lectures in Rome on the office and ceremonies of Holy Week. In 1840 he was made a bishop in partibus, and president of St. Mary's college, Oscott. He was appointed vicar apostolic of the London district in 1849. In September, 1850, the pope issued an apostolic letter restoring the English hierarchy, and made Dr. Wiseman archbishop of Westminster, and on the following day a cardinal. These steps gave rise to great excitement in England, and led to a parliamentary enactment against the assumption of local ecclesiastical titles by Roman Catholics. Cardinal Wiseman has published Horoe Syriacoe (Rome, 1828); "Lectures on the Connection between Science and Revealed Religion" (2 vols., London, 1836); "The Real Presence" (1836); " Lectures on the Doctrines and Practices of the Catholic Church" (2 vols., 1836); " Four Lectures on the Offices and Ceremonies of Holy Week" (1839); "Three Lectures on the Catholic Hierarchy " (1850); "Essays on Various Subjects" (3 vols., 1853); " Fabiola, a Tale of the Catacombs" (1855); "Recollections of the last Four Popes, and of Rome in their Times " (1858); " Sermons, Lectures, and Speeches during a Tour in Ireland " (Dublin, 1859); "Sermons on Our Lord Jesus Christ, and on His Blessed Mother" (1864); "The Attitude of the Anglican Bishops towards Rationalism and Revolution, a Pastoral" (London, 1864); and " Sermons on Moral Subjects " (1864). Since his death has appeared "Daily Meditation" (Dublin, 1868).