Nicolas Bravo, a Mexican soldier and statesman, born at Chilpancingo about 1790, died there, April 22, 1854. He took part in the first revolution in 1810, and served in all the actions till 1814. Having joined Minas's party in 1817, he was imprisoned in Mexico till 1820. He was a zealous supporter of Iturbide, and became a member of the regency which exercised the supreme power for 40 days in 1822; but he contributed to the deposition of the emperor in 1823, and was a member of the provisional government till 1824. In December, 1827, he headed a revolt against President Bustamante, he being at the time vice president himself, which office he held till April, 1829. In 1830 he commanded against the insurgents under Guerrero, who was captured and executed by Bravo's order, Feb. 17, 1831. In 1839 he became president of the council, and in 1842-3 held the supreme power for a few months as substitute of Santa Anna, absent with the army; and he was again temporary president from July 29 to Aug. 4, 1846, when he was deposed by a revolution.
During the war with the United States he participated in the battle of Cerro Gordo; and toward the end of 1853, being accused by Santa Anna's ministry of having secretly joined the insurrection headed by Juan Alvarez, he denied the accusation and retired from public life. His death was sudden, and attended by suspicious circumstances.