Nottoway, a S. E. county of Virginia, bounded S. by the Nottoway river; area, about 300 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 9,291, of whom 7,050 were colored. The Richmond, Danville, and Petersburg, and the Atlantic, Mississippi, and Ohio railroads intersect it. The chief productions in 1870 were 37,907 bushels of wheat, 82,686 of Indian corn, 55,754 of oats, 653,296 lbs. of tobacco, and 37,135 of butter. There were 466 horses, 760 milch cows, 1,140 other cattle, 903 sheep, and 2,898 swine. Capital, Nottoway Court House.
Nottoways, a tribe of American Indians, one of the most southerly tribes of the Huron Iroquois family, residing to the last on the river in Virginia bearing their name, and calling themselves Cherohakah. They preserved their independence and numbers later than the Pow-hatans, and at the end of the 17th century had 130 warriors. They appear in a Virginia treaty with the Five Nations in 1722, and in 1729 numbered 200. Their round-topped bark cabins were enclosed in a square palisade fort on the west bank of the river. Gov. Spottswood and others caused the sons of chiefs to be educated, but all attempts to elevate them failed. Jefferson in 1781 said that there was not a male left. The reserve allotted to them contained 27,000 acres, but they cultivated very little. In 1822 only Edie Turner, recognized as queen, and two others spoke the language, whose vocabulary proves its connection with the Huron, Iroquois, and Susquehanna.