Andrew, lieutenant governor of Massachusetts, born in Boston, March 28, 1706, died there, March 3, 1774. He graduated at Harvard college in 1724, and became a member of the general court, and afterward of the council. When the stamp act was passed by the English parliament, he accepted the office of distributor of stamps, and on Aug. 14, 1765, was hanged in effigy from the "liberty tree." He appeared the next day before the people under the liberty tree, and publicly resigned his office. He was secretary of the province from 1756 to 1770, and in 1771 was appointed lieutenant governor. "With Gov. Hutchinson, his brother-in-law, he promoted as much as was in his power the designs of the British ministry, as was proved by his letters, which were obtained by Franklin in England, and sent back to America in 1772. When therefore the general court petitioned the king for the removal of Hutchinson, they included Oliver's name also. - His son Andeew (1731 - '99), a judge of Essex co., Mass., before the revolution, was one of the founders of the American academy of arts and sciences.
Peter, chief justice of Massachusetts, brother of the preceding, born March 26, 1713, died in Birmingham, England, Oct. 13, 1791. He graduated at Harvard college in 1730, afterward filled several stations in Plymouth co., and on Sept. 14, 1756, was raised to the bench, although not a lawyer, and in 1771 made chief justice. In March, 1774, the house of representatives, voting the judges of the superior court sufficient salaries from the colonial treasury, ordered them to refuse any gifts from the king. Four of them complied, but Oliver refusing, the house impeached him, and suspended him from his functions till the conclusion of his trial. He sided openly with the tories; and when the British troops evacuated Boston, he went with them, and finally removed to England, where a pension was given him by the crown. He was an enthusiastic antiquary, transcribing with his own hand the manuscript history of William Hubbard, and carrying away with him when he left America records and papers which he had collected concerning the early settlement of Plymouth colony.
He published, besides some pamphlets, a " Scriptural Lexicon " (Birmingham, 1784-'5; new ed. by the Rev. II. C. Cotton, Oxford, 1832).