A N. W. Central County Of The S. Peninsula Of Michigan, drained by Muskegon river and branches of the Manistee; area, 576 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 2,093. The surface is level, and along the streams swampy; the soil is fertile. It is traversed by the Flint and Père Marquette and the Grand Rapids and Indiana railroads. The chief productions in 1870 were 4,703 bushels of wheat, 1,127 of rye, 6,087 of Indian corn, 9,532 of oats, 653 of barley, 37,467 of potatoes, 16,490 lbs. of butter, and 2,532 tons of hay. The value of live stock was $65,767. Capital, Hersey.
A 1st. W. County Of Iowa, bordering on Minnesota, and watered by Rock river, a tributary of the Big Sioux, and by the Little Sioux; area, 432 sq. m.; returned as having no population in 1870. The surface consists of undulating and fertile prairies. It is traversed by the Sioux City and St. Paul railroad.
Osceola (Seminole, As-se-he-ho-lar), a chief of the Seminole Indians, born in Georgia in 1804, died at Fort Moultrie, near Charleston, Jan. 30, 1838. He was the son of an Indian trader, an Englishman named Powell, and his mother was the daughter of a chief. In 1808 he removed with his mother to Florida, where he became influential among the Seminoles. In 1835, while on a visit to Fort King, his wife was claimed as a slave, and carried off as such. Osceola, angry because of this and other injuries, made use of threatening expressions, and was seized by order of Gen. Thompson, the United States Indian agent, and put in irons, but released after a very short imprisonment. He lay in wait for Gen. Thompson for weeks and months, and at length finding him outside of the fort, Dec. 28, killed him and four other whites. This was the beginning of the second Seminole war. Osceola immediately took command of a band of Indians and fugitive slaves, who on the same day had surprised and massacred Major Dade and a detachment of 110 soldiers. On Dec. 31, with 200 followers, he encountered. Gen. Clinch and 600 Americans at the crossing of the Withlacoochee, and after a hard-fought action of upward of an hour was compelled to retreat. The Seminole chief was disabled early in the battle.
Subsequently he fought several actions against the troops under Gen. Gaines, and on June 8, 1836, led a most daring and well conducted assault upon the fortified post at Micanopy, which was repulsed with difficulty by the garrison of 300 regular troops. On Aug. 16 he was attacked at Fort Drane, and narrowly escaped capture. For upward of a year he conducted the struggle against superior forces with energy and skill; but on Oct. 21, 1837, while holding a conference under a flag of truce with Gen. Jesup near St. Augustine, he was seized with several of his followers, and confined at Fort Moultrie.