Pagoda, a kind of temple common in China and Indo-China, and especially in Burmah.

Chinese pagodas are generally towers nine stories high. The most celebrated of these was the porcelain tower at Nanking, called the tower of gratitude from having been erected (1413-32) as a monument of gratitude to an empress of the Ming dynasty, and destroyed during the Taiping rebellion. (See Nanking.) Almost every town in China has one or more of these structures, all alike in design, but differing in dimensions and in the richness of the materials and ornaments. The Burmese pagodas are square edifices of great extent, the base comprising porticoes and central chambers, and terminating upward in octagonal or polygonal straight-lined pyramids or spires. The principal of these temples is called Khomado, and is on the bank of the Irrawaddy nearly opposite Ava. It is 160 ft. high, surmounted by a spire 22 ft. high and 15 ft. in diameter. The circumference of its base is 944 ft., and it is surrounded by a stockade of 802 dwarf pillars of sandstone about 5 ft. high. The next great pagoda of Burmah is the Shoömadoo at Pegu, which rises to the height of 361 ft. with a diameter at the base of 395 ft.

Throughout Burmah these edifices abound.