Lord Selborne Roundell, an English statesman, born at Mixbury, Oxfordshire, Nov. 27, 1812. He was educated first at Rugby and Winchester, and graduated at Trinity college, Oxford, in 1834, as first class in classics, having previously gained several prizes, among which were those for Latin and English verse. He was chosen to a fellowship at Magdalen college, in 1834 obtained the Eldon law scholarship, and in 1835 the chancellor's prize for the Latin essay. He was called to the bar in 1837, and was made queen's counsel in 1849. He was returned to parliament in 1847 for Plymouth, was defeated in 1852, but was again returned in 1853, holding his seat until 1857. In 1861, having been knighted and made solicitor general, he was returned for Richmond, and in 1865 and 1868 was reelected. He was made attorney general in 1864, but went out of office in 1866 with the other members of the Russell administration. On Mr. Gladstone's accession in 1868, the chancellorship was offered to him; but he declined on account of his difference with the premier on the question of the disestablishment of the Irish church.
In 1872 he was the counsel of the British government at the Geneva court of arbitration, and was soon after raised to the peerage under the title of Lord Selborne, and became lord chancellor, retiring in 1874 with the Gladstone ministry. He has edited " The Book of Praise, from the best English Hymn Writers " (London, 1862).
William, an English clergyman, brother of the preceding, born July 12, 1811. He graduated in 1830 at Magdalen college, Oxford, where he became fellow, tutor, and public examiner. He subsequently took orders, travelled in the East, and endeavored to draw together the Anglican and oriental churches. In 1856 he joined the Roman Catholic communion. Besides several controversial pamphlets, he has published " Harmony of Anglican Doctrine with that of the East" (1844), and "The Patriarch and the Tsar," translated from the Russian (1871).