Pamphylia (Gr. , all, and , tribe), an ancient division of Asia Minor, on its S. coast, now comprised in the Turkish vilayet of Konieh. It is said to have been first called Mopsopia, from Mopsus, its first Greek colonizer. The later name referred to the mixed character of its inhabitants, among whom were many aboriginal tribes from the interior. Pamphylia was bounded E. by Cilicia, N. by Pisidia, from which it was divided by Mt. Taurus, and W. by Lycia. It was a narrow strip about 90 m. long, and formed an arch around the Pamphylian gulf (now gulf of Ada-lia). The eastern extremity is flat and sandy, the western hilly with the ramifications of Mt. Taurus that run down to the coast. The western part of this district is a mass of incrusted vegetable matter, beneath which its rivers, the ancient Catarrhactes, Oestrus, Eurymedon, and Melas, find their way to the sea.-Pamphylia was conquered by Cyrus, and when the Persian empire was destroyed by Alexander it became subject to Macedon, and then to Syria. It subsequently became a part of the kingdom of Pergamus, and finally a Koman province.
The principal towns were Attalia (now Adalia), 01-bia, Oorycus, Aspendus, Perge, Syllium, Side, Cibyra, and Ptolemais. The language spoken was a mixture of Greek and a native (probably Semitic) dialect.