Charles Joseph, a French editor, born in Lille, Nov. 26, 1736, died in Paris, Dec. 19, 1798. His father, Andee Joseph Paxckotjcke (1700-53), a publisher, was a prominent Jansenist and compiler of numerous" works. The son became one of the most eminent booksellers of Paris, and edited Buf-fon's works and other celebrated publications, i including Le grand Docaoulaire frangais, Le repertoire de jurisprudence, and Le voyageur frangais, comprising an aggregate of about 100 volumes. Voltaire and his literary executors designated him as the editor of his works; but Panckoucke ceded the editorship to Beau-marchais, though he' supervised the publication. He translated Tasso's Gerusalemme li-herata, Ariosto's Orlando, and Lucretius. His greatest enterprise was the Encyclopedic metho-dique, published conjointly with Agasse (201 vols., 1781-1832, comprising 47 vols, of plates). He was proprietor of the Mercure frangais, which he edited in conjunction with his brother-in-law Suard; and in November, 1789, he founded the Moniteur, with La Harpe, An-drieux, Regnier, and other eminent men as collaborators.
Charles Louis Fleury, a French editor, son of the preceding, born in Paris, Dec. 23, 1780, died July 12, 1844. He studied jurisprudence, and early held an office, but afterward engaged in the publishing business. He published the Dictionnaire des sciences medicates (60 vols., 1812 et seq.), followed by Biogra-phie medicate and Flore medicate (the latter illustrated by his wife, who died in 1860); L' Expedition des Frangais en figypte (26 vols., 1820-'30, besides 12 vols, of plates); Les oar-reaux frangais et anglais (19 vols., 1821); and 18 editions of the complete and separate works of Tacitus, including a superb one of the Latin text (80 copies, 1826-7). His most celebrated publication was the Bioliotheque latine-fran-gaise, with translations (174 vols!, 1828 et seq.), for which he translated the works of Tacitus (7 vols., 1830-'38). - The publishing house has been continued by his son Eenest (born in 1806), who was for some time managing director of the Moniteur, and who has made a metrical translation of Horace (1834; new ed., 1855), and edited many important works.