Panl Diaries Morphy, an American lawyer, celebrated as a chess player, born in New Orleans. La., June 22. 1837. He early exhibited a fondness for the game of chess, and at the age of 12 had encountered successfully the best amateurs of his native city, He entered St. Joseph's college in 1850, and during his college course exhibited his remarkable skill in various contests with Lowenthal and others. At the chess congress in New York in 1857, He defeated in a majority of games, many be-ing at considerable odds, the first players of the United States. In 1858 he first exhibited his ability to play without seeing the board, sometimes conducting seven games at once. In the summer of that year he played 14 games with Lowenthal in London, in which Morphy won 9 Lowenthal 3, and 2 were drawn. On Aug. '26 Mr. Morphy attended the annual meeting of the British chess association at Birmingham, where he played eight games simultaneously without seeing the boards, winning six games and losing one, and one being drawn. In September he went to Paris, where he first played a match of seven games with Mr. Ilarr-witz, winning five and drawing one; and after defeating the best French players at the cafe de la regmce, including Riviere, Laroche, Jour-noud, and Devinck, he encountered on Dec. 20 the celebrated Adolph Anderssen, considered the champion of German chess.
The result of the match was: Morphy 7, Anderssen 2, drawn 2. Mr. Morphy continued in Paris playing with his usual success till April 4, 1859, when he returned to London, and during the remainder of his stay exhibited his power in matches and in blindfold play as before. On his return to the United States he was admitted to the bar, and since then has resided and practised his profession in New Orleans, with short intervals of residence in Richmond and Mobile.