Para, Or Grao Parft, a N. E. province of Brazil, bounded N. by Guiana, N. E. by the Atlantic, S. E. by Maranhao and Goyaz, S. by Mat-to Grosso, and W. by Amazonas; area, 460,-000 sq. m.; pop. in 1871, 320,000. The coast, which is about 600 m. long in a straight line, comprises the most irregular portion of the Brazilian seaboard, being indented with numerous bays and inlets, the principal of which is the vast embouchure of the Amazon with its hundred islands, the most noteworthy of these being Maraje, Caviana, and Maxiana. The interior is described as a vast plain intersected by mighty rivers, and with but few hills, save in the N". E. and S. W. corners, those in the former region being the more elevated. The Almeirim hills on the left bank of the Amazon, some 200 m. from its mouth, are of singular formation, perfectly level on the top, and separated by wide openings with smooth sides. Their height is estimated at 1,800 ft. above the level of the river. Besides the Amazon, the more important rivers are the Tocantins, Araguay, Xingu, Tapajos, Trom-betas, Oyapok, Araguary, Gurupi, Maju, Ca-pim, Acara, Anapti, Pacaja, Anajas, Guama, Para, and Guajara. The climate is not generally unhealthy, especially in the comarcas or districts of Braganca and Cameta. On the Amazon rain falls almost every afternoon.

The soil is fertile, and the vegetation the richest and most varied in the world. The primeval forests present inexhaustible supplies of timber and precious woods, including the various species of jacarandd or rosewood, the itauba or stonewood, pcio ferro or ironwood, 300 or 400 kinds of palms and medicinal trees, dye woods, etc. (See Brazil.) The chief cultivated products are rice, cotton, the sugar cane, coffee, and some vegetables; and the export staples are caoutchouc in prodigious quantities, cacao, Maranhao chestnuts, rice, sugar, honey, hides, tapioca, with urucu (said to he superior to Brazil wood as a dye), sarsaparilla, balsam copaiba, and many other drugs, isinglass, etc. Cattle are largely reared. Besides the ocean steamers visiting Belem, there are about 12 lines of steamers plying between that city and the more important towns on the Amazon and its tributary streams. There are about 250 primary and 13 grammar schools in the province. Para is divided into nine co-marcas or districts: Para, Cam eta, Maraje, Braganga, Gurupa, Macapa, Santarem, Breves, and Obidos. Capital, Belem or Para.