Pasargadae, Or Pasargada, the capital of ancient Persia under Cyrus and Cambyses. Its name is translated by Stephen of Byzantium, "the encampment of all the Persians." Its site is not known. There are some who contend that Pasargadae and Persepolis were the same place; others that it was situated to the southeast of Persepolis, at the modern Da-rabgerd or Fasa (which Spiegel prefers); and others again that it lay to the northeast of it, near the modern Murgab. (See Persepolis.) All of these views are more or less sustained by passages of ancient writers, but Murgab has the advantage of possessing many ruins and relics of the time of the ancient Persians. Among these is a tomb called by the natives the tomb of Solomon's mother, but which is supposed by Rawlinson and others to be that of Cyrus. On a square base, composed of immense blocks of white marble, that rise in steps, stands a quadrangular chamber, built of blocks of marble 5 ft. thick, shaped at the top into a sloping roof. The chamber seems to have held a sarcophagus.
Upon pillars near by repeats edly occurs the inscription in Persian and Median: "I am Cyrus the Achaemenian." As the monument is of the style in which the Persians still build the tombs of women, Oppert is of opinion that it was probably erected by Cyrus, but was the tomb of a woman, perhaps of Cassandane, mentioned by Herodotus. Pa-sargadae was esteemed by the people for its antiquity, and was under the especial protection of the magi. It contained the most ancient royal palace and the treasures. The Persian kings were inaugurated there. The city was the stronghold of a tribe of the same name, the noblest of the three principal tribes of the ancient Persians. The Achaemenidae, to whom Cyrus, Darius, and other kings belonged, and who were in fact the royal family of ancient Persia, were a clan of the Pasargadae. They were apparently the direct descendants of the original Persian tribe which emigrated from further east about 1500 B. C, and which as it rose to power imposed its name upon the people and the country.