Pasha, Or Bashaw, in Turkey, a title given to a governor of a province, a minister, or a naval and military commander of high rank. Pashas of the first rank are called pashas of three tails, that number of horse tails having been formerly carried before them as a standard when they appeared in public. Before those of inferior rank two horse tails were, borne. This display has been discontinued except perhaps in some of the Barbary provinces. The title is probably of Persian origin. Some derive it from the Turkish bash, a head or chief; others, and among them Vattel, from the Persian pai, foot, and shah, king, t. e., the king's subordinate. It is very ancient, a similar term, pe'ha, being used in the Hebrew Scriptures to designate the viceroys or governors of provinces of the Assyrian, Babylonian, and old Persian empires. The office corresponds to that of the ancient Persian satraps. Until recently the Turkish pashas were entirely absolute in the administration of their provinces, but now their power is checked by local councils and by courts of appeal.