Pasquin, the name given to a mutilated statue in Rome, standing at the end of the Braschi palace near the piazza Navona. In its immediate neighborhood, in the latter half of the 15th century, was the shop of a tailor named Pasquin, or Pasquino, which was much frequented by people of consequence for the purpose of hearing the current gossip and scandal, and the facetious stories and satirical remarks of Pasquin and his workmen, to whom the utmost license of speech seems to have been allowed. So many caustic personalities emanated from this place, that gradually every bitter saying was attributed to Pasquin or his shop. Etiquette forbade the sufferer by such libels, or pasquinades as they were called, to exhibit any resentment. After Pasquin's death the statue was dug out and set up near his shop, and the populace declared that Pasquin had come to life again. The mutilated torso was called by his name, and thenceforth the custom arose of attaching to it bits of satirical writing, which frequently took the shape of lampoons upon persons in high station, the pope and cardinals being favorite objects of attack.
The statue of Marforio, supposed to be that of a river god, which about the close of the 16th century was placed in the palazzo de' conservatori on the Oapitoline hill, was made the vehicle for replying to the attacks of Pasquin; and other statues in various parts of the city occasionally issued an epigram on public affairs. Pasquin, however, maintained his supremacy over all rivals. The first true pasquinades date from the pontificate of Leo X., and after the lapse of three and a half centuries Pasquin still pursues his ancient avocation. Satirical epigrams however were published previous to Leo's accession.