I. Pontius Mesopins Anicius, Saint

Saint Pontius Mesopins Anicius, bishop of Nola in Campania, born in Bordeaux about 353, died June 22, 431. He was descended from an ancient senatorial family, and his father was praetorian prefect of Gaul. He studied eloquence and law in Rome, and practised with success at the Roman bar. In 378 the emperor Gratian, at the instance of Auso-nius, bestowed on him the rank of consul, in which he distinguished himself chiefly by his benevolent use of his immense wealth and that of his wife Therasia. After his acquaintance with St. Ambrose and St. Athanasius he gave up all his dignities, and withdrew with his wife to a country residence near Barcelona, where he spent his time in studyx prayer, and beneficence. In December, 393, the death of his only son induced him, with the consent of his wife, to ask the bishop of Barcelona to admit him to the priesthood; and Therasia having soon afterward become a nun, Paulinus was ordained and went to Italy. Repelled by Pope Siricius, Paulinus went to Nola in Campania, where in 409 he was forced to become bishop. In 410 he was taken prisoner and carried away by the Goths, but they soon restored him.

Pope Gregory the Great relates that Paulinus sold himself to the Vandals to redeem the son of a poor widow, having previously given all he could dispose of to purchase the freedom of other captives. He labored in a garden as a slave till his master discovered his merit and restored him to liberty. Paulinus wrote a large number of ascetic works and hymns; but only his "Discourse on Almsgiving," " History of the Martyrdom of St. Genesius of Aries," and hymns are extant. These were first published by Josse Badius (Paris, 1516), andRosweyde (Antwerp, 1622, with Sacchini's " Life of St. Paulinus "). The best edition is that of Muratori (Verona, 1736). The feast of the saint is celebrated on June 22.

II. Saint

Saint, bishop of Treves in 349, the first confessor who suffered and died in the West during the Arian persecution in defence of the divinity of Christ. In 353 he was among the few who resisted the bribes and threats of the emperor Constantius at the council of Aries. He was deposed by the emperor, and banished to Phrygia, where he died in 359. His feast is celebrated on Aug. 81.

III. Saint

Saint, first archbishop of York, died Oct. 10, 644. He was sent to England in 601 by Pope Gregory the Great, ordained bishop of the Northumbrians in 625, and appointed archbishop of York in 627. He baptized King Edwin April 12 of the same year. In 633 he retired to Kent, and became bishop of Rochester in the autumn of that year. His life is included in Newman's " Lives of the English Saints."

IV. Saint

Saint, a patriarch of Aquileia, born near Friuli about 730, died probably Jan. 28, 804. He was distinguished as a teacher of the humanities when Charlemagne wrote him a complimentary letter in 776, and bestowed on him a domain in Lombardy. That monarch also caused him to be elected patriarch of Aquileia. "With Alcuin he was intrusted with the examination of the writings of the heresiarchs Felix of Urgel and Elipandus of Toledo. Paulinus also preached with great success among the heathens of Carinthia and Styria. His works were published by Madrisio (1 vol. fol., Venice, 1737; 2d ed., 1782). His feast is celebrated on Jan. 28.