Pelops, in Grecian mythology, the son of Tantalus and grandson of Zeus. His father, having invited the gods to a banquet, killed Pelops, and served up his remains at table. Ceres ate a piece of the shoulder; but the other immortals, perceiving what the dish was, ordered Mercury to restore the youth to life by putting the flesh in a caldron. Pelops was accordingly taken out alive, and in place of the part which Ceres had eaten received a shoulder of ivory, whence all his descendants, the Pelo-pidae, were supposed to have one shoulder remarkably white. Afterward he applied to (Enomaus, king of Pisa in Elis, for the hand of his daughter Hippodamia; but the king, having been told by an oracle that his son inlaw would kill him, refused unless Pelops should conquer him in a chariot race, declaring that he would take his life if he failed. Pelops bribed the king's charioteer Myrtilus to remove the linchpins of the royal chariot, and in the race (Enomaus was thrown out and killed. The victor then took Hippodamia to wife, assumed the government of Pisa, and soon made himself master of Olympia, where he restored the Olympic games with great splendor.

By Hippodamia he had 15 children, the two eldest of whom were Atreus and Thyestes. He was held in great veneration after his death, and a sanctuary was dedicated to him in the grove Altis at Olympia.