I. Casimir

Casimir, a French statesman, born in Grenoble, Oct. 21, 1777, died in Paris, May 16, 1832. He was a son of one of the founders of the bank of France, and retired from the army to join his brother in banking, which made him rich and influential. In 1817 he was elected to the chamber of deputies, and became one of the most conspicuous leaders of the opposition. After vainly attempting to avert the revolution of 1830, he was made a member of the provisional executive committee and president of the chamber. He was the recognized leader of what Guizot called " the middle class tory party " (juste-milieu), and succeeded Laf-fitte, March 13,1831, as Louis Philippe's prime minister. He energetically opposed all revolutionary movements and needless intervention in foreign affairs, though his administration was marked by the expedition to Antwerp in behalf of Belgian independence, to Portugal for the overthrow of Dom Miguel, and to An-cona to check Austria. He fell a victim to the cholera, on its first appearance in France. Charles de Remusat wrote a notice of his life appended to Opinions et discours de Casimir Perier (4 vols., Paris, 1838). II. lugnste Casimir Victor Laurent (who changed his surname in 1873 to Casimir-Perier), a French statesman, son of the preceding, born in Paris, Aug. 20, 1811. He spent 14 years in the diplomatic service, was a deputy from 1846 to 1848, and a member of the legislative assembly from 1849 to Dec. 2,1851. In September, 1870, the Germans arrested him at his country seat, and detained him till February, 1871. On the 8th of that month he was elected to the assembly as a partisan of Thiers, and displayed much ability in financial legislation.

He was minister of the interior from Oct. 11, 1871, to Feb. 2, 1872, when he retired on account of the opposition to the removal of the assembly to Paris; he resumed the office in May, 1873, but after a few days he withdrew with Thiers. In 1874 he proposed a constitutional bill, which was rejected by the assembly, July 24. He has published numerous works on financial and political questions, and one on Charlotte Cor-day, with new documents.