Peter Collinson, an English botanist, born at Hugall Hall, Westmoreland, Jan. 14, 1693, died Aug. 11, 1768. He was a member of the society of Friends, and a merchant in London. His studies in natural history gained him the acquaintance and correspondence of the most eminent naturalists of his time. He corresponded with Cadwallader Colden and Franklin, and is said to have made known to the latter (1743) the first experiments in electricity, and sent to him the first electrical machine that went to the colonies. He gave special attention to botany, and to the naturalization of plants and trees in regions remote from their original habitats. He sent to Maryland, Pennsylvania, and other Atlantic colonies, many foreign ornamental shrubs, which found in America a congenial soil and climate; and he introduced into England many American forest trees. He was one of the first to suggest the culture of the grape in Virginia. A genus of labiate plants is named Collinsonia after him. He was also familiar with the antiquities of England, and read many interesting papers before the society of antiquaries.