Peter Thacher, an American clergyman, born in Milton, Mass., March 21, 1752, died in Savannah, Ga., Dec. 16, 1802. He graduated at Harvard college in 1769, and settled at Maiden, Mass., in 1770. He soon attained a high reputation as a preacher, and received the name of the " silver-tongued Thacher." From January, 1785, till his death, he was pastor of the Brattle street church in Boston. His "Oration against Standing Armies," delivered at Watertown in 1776, still retains its reputation. For 15 years he was chaplain of one or both branches of the legislature. He published 22 distinct works, including "Observations on the State of the Clergy in New England" 1783), and " Memoirs of Dr. Boylston " (1789). THACKERAY, William Makepeace, an English author, born in Calcutta in 1811, died in London, Dec. 24, 1863. He was descended from an old Yorkshire family. His father was in the civil service of the East India company, lie was educated at the Charterhouse in London, and at Cambridge, but did not take a degree. Coming into possession of £20,000 at the age of 21, he travelled on the continent, and studied art for several years. But he lost the bulk of his fortune by speculation, and about the age of 30 adopted literature as a profession.

He wrote for "Eraser's Magazine" under the pseudonymes of Michael Angelo Tit-marsh and George Fitz-Boodle, and contributed to "Punch" three series of papers : "The Fat Contributor," "Jeames's Diary," and "The Snob Papers." These and other works appeared in book form from 1840 to 1848, but he attained no very marked success in literature till the publication of "Vanity Fair, a Novel without a Hero," in monthly numbers, in 1846-'8. This gave him a reputation as a novelist which, though amply sustained, was hardly increased by any of his later works. In 1845 he visited the East for his health. He was called to the bar in 1848, but did not practise. In 1851 he delivered to brilliant audiences in London a series of lectures on " English Humorists of the Eighteenth Century'." Ho visited America in 1852, and again in 1855-'6, where he repeated this course, and also delivered for the first time another course on "The Four Georges," which he repeated in the principal cities of Great Britain. In 1857 he was an unsuccessful candidate, as a liberal, for the representation of the city of Oxford in parliament. The "Cornhill Magazine" was commenced at the close of 1859 with Thackeray as editor, and quickly attained an enormous circulation.

He resigned the editorship in April, 1862. He was found dead in his bed, from effusion on the brain. He was buried in Kensal Green cemetery. A bust of him, by Marochetti, was unveiled in Westminster abbey, Oct. 21, 1865. He was tall and powerfully built, with a massive head and silvery white hair. His geniality, even temper, and kindly disposition toward everybody with whom he came into personal relations, were curiously at variance with the charge of cynicism so often brought against his works. His domestic life was clouded for several years by the insanity of his wife. His novels and tales, with the dates of their publication in book form, are : " The Great Hog-garty Diamond" (1841); "The Memoirs of Barry Lyndon" (1843); " Vanity Fair" (1848); "The History of Pendennis" (1850); "The History of Henry Esmond" (1852); "The Newcomes " (1855); " The Virginians " (1859); "Lovel the Widower" (1860); "The Adventures of Philip on his Way through the World" (1862); and "Denis Duval," left unfinished (1864). His Christmas books are : " Mrs. Perkins's Ball" (1846); "Our Street" (1848); '•Dr. Birch and his Young Friends" (1849); " Rebecca and Rowena " (1850); " The Kickle-burys on the Rhine" (1851); and "The Rose and the Ring" (1854). His other publications include "The Paris Sketch Book" (1840); " Comic Tales and Sketches" (2 vols., 1841); " The Second Funeral of Napoleon" and "The Chronicle of the Drum," in verse (published together, 1841); " The Irish Sketch Book" (2 vols., 1843); " Notes of a Journey from Corn-hill to Grand Cairo" (1846); "The Book of Snobs" (1848); "English Humorists of the Eighteenth Century" (1853); "Ballads" (1855); " The Four Georges " (1860); " Roundabout Papers " (1862); and " The Orphan of Pimlico, and other Sketches, Fragments, and Drawings," with notes by his daughter (1875). Most of his books were illustrated by himself.

James T. Fields has made a collection of his fugitive articles, under the title " Early and Late Papers" (12mo, Boston, 1867). There are numerous approximately complete editions of Thackeray's works, the latest of which reproduces the original illustrations (22 vols., London, 1875 et seq.). - See " Studies on Thackeray," by James Hannay, and "Thackeray, the Humorist and the Man of Letters: the Story of his Life," by Theodore Taylor (London, 1864). - His daughter Anne Isabella has published " The Story of Elizabeth " (London, 1863; German translation, Leipsic, 1864; Dutch, Amsterdam, 1864); "The Village on the Cliff" (1867); " Old Kensington " (1873); "Toilers and Spinsters, and other Essays" (1873); "Bluebeard's Keys" (1874); "Miss Angel," a novel founded on the life of Angelica Kauff-mann (1876); and numerous short tales and sketches.