Abbott, a family of American writers, whose name was originally spelled Abbot. I. Jacob, born at Hallowell, Me., Nov. 14, 1803. He graduated at Bowdoin college, Brunswick, Me., in 1820, and studied divinity at the theological seminary in Andover, Mass. From 1825 to 1829 he was professor of mathematics and natural philosophy in Amherst college, and afterward took charge of the newly founded Mount Vernon school for girls in Boston. In 1834 he engaged in organizing a new Congregational church in Roxbury (the Eliot church); and about 1838, relinquishing the pastoral charge to his brother John S. C., he removed to Farmington, Me., and has since devoted himself almost exclusively to literary labor, chiefly in the production of books for the young. For several years he has resided in New York. A complete catalogue of his works would considerably exceed 200 titles. Many of them have been serial, each series comprising from 3 to 36 volumes. Among them are the "Young Christian" series (4 vols.), the "Rollo Books" (28 vols.), the "Lucy Books" (6 vols.), the "Jonas Books" (6 vols.), the "Franconia Stories" (10 vols.), the "Harper's Story Books" (36 vols.), the "Marco Paul Series" (6 vols.), the "Gay Family" series (12 vols.), the "Juno Books'" (6 vols.), "Rainbow and Lucky" series (5 vols.), and 4 or 5 other series of 5 or 6 volumes each; "Science for the Young" (4 vols. issued, "Heat," "Light," "Water and Land," and "Force"); "A Summer in Scotland"; I " The Teacher "; more than 20 of the series of illustrated histories to which his brother John S. C. contributed, and a separate series of histories of America in 4 volumes.
He has also edited, with additions, several historical text books, and compiled a series of school readers.
II. John Stephens Cabot, brother of the preceding, born in Brunswick, Me., Sept. 18, 1805. He was also educated at Bowdoin college and Andover theological seminary, graduating from the former in 1825. He was ordained to the ministry in the Congregational church in 1830, and was settled successively at Worcester, Roxbury, and Nantucket, Mass. His first published work, "The Mother at Home," appeared in 1833, and was followed not long after by " The Child at Home." In 1844 he relinquished the pastorate, and devoted himself exclusively to literature, but has since occasionally resumed his ministerial labors for brief periods, and. in 1866-'8 acted as stated supply in New Haven. With few exceptions his works have been professedly historical. The principal of them are: "Practical Christianity"; "Kings and Queens, or Life in the Palace "; " The French Revolution of 1789 "; "The History of Napoleon Bonaparte" (2 vols.); " Napoleon at St. Helena "; " The History of Napoleon III." (1868); 10 vols. of illustrated histories; "A History of the Civil War in America" (2 vols., 1863-'6); "Romance of Spanish History" (1870); and "The History of Frederick the Second, called Frederick the Great" (1871). Most of Mr. Abbott's books have had a large sale, and several of them have been translated into many languages.
III. Gorham D. See Abbot.
IV. Benjamin Vaughan, son of Jacob, a lawyer, born in Boston, June 4, 1830. He was educated in New York, and admitted to the bar in 1851. He has produced many volumes of reports and digests of state and United States laws and decisions of the higher courts of New York. He is now (1872) a member of the national commission for revising the laws of the United States, and is also preparing a National Digest.
V. Austin, brother of the preeeding, also a lawyer, born in Boston, Dec. 18, 1831. He was admitted to the New York bar about 1852, entered into partnership with his brother, and has cooperated with him in the preparation of legal treatises, compilations, and digests. He has also occasionally contributed to lighter literature, his earliest ventures being two joint novels entitled " Conecut Corners " and "Matthew Caraby," in which his brothers Benjamin and Lyman participated.
VI. Lyman, brother of the preceding, born in Roxbury, Mass., Dec. 18, 1835. He graduated from the university of the city of New York in 1853, studied law, and went into partnership with his brothers in 1856; but he afterward studied theology with his uncle, the Rev. J. S. C. Abbott, and was ordained to the ministry in the Congregational church at Farmington, Me., in 1860. He was settled as pastor of the first Congregational church in Terre Haute, Inch, the same year, and remained there till 1865, when he was chosen secretary of the American union (freedmen's) commission, and held that office till 1868. He was also pastor of the New England church in New York city from 1866 to 1861), when he resigned, to devote himself to literature. He was associated with his brothers in the production of two novels, and has also published "The Results of Emancipation in the United States" (1867), "Jesus of Nazareth: His Life and Teachings" (1869), and "Old Testament Shadows of New Testament Truths " (1870). He has edited two volumes of "Sermons by Rev. Henry Ward Beecher," and "Morning and Evening Exercises," selected from the writings of the same author.
He is now (1872) the editor of the " Literary Record " of "Harper's Monthly Magazine," and editor-in-chief of " The Illustrated Christian "Weekly," published by the American tract society.
VII. Edward, brother of the preceding, born in Farmington, Me., July 15, 1841. He was educated in New York, has contributed to periodical and other literature, and is one of the editors of "The Congregationalist," a leading Congregational newspaper published in Boston.