Adams, the name of eight counties in the United States. I. A S. county of Pennsylvania, on the Maryland border; area, 530 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 30,315. The head waters of Monocacy river take their rise in this county, and small creeks abound. Along the S. border a ridge called South Mountain extends, and the general surface of the county is uneven. In the South Mountain, copper and Potomac marble are found, and the copper mines have been worked with some success. In 1870 the personal property was valued at $1,287,541. The crops in 1870 amounted to 494,346 bushels of wheat, 757,019 of corn, 636,828 of oats, 33,425 of rye, and 1,005,303 of potatoes. The value of animals slaughtered was $498,545. The county has numerous manufacturing establishments. Capital, Gettysburg.
II. A S. W. county of Mississippi, bounded W. by the Mississippi river, which separates it from Louisiana, and S. by the river Homo-chitto; area, 440 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 19,084, of whom 14,287 were colored. The land is highly productive. The productions in 1870 were 177,307 bushels of corn, 26,469 of sweet potatoes, 20,140 bales of cotton, and 3,144 tons of hay. Capital, Natchez.
III. A S. W. county of Ohio, separated from Kentucky by the Ohio river; area, 500 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 20,750. The surface is hilly and well timbered, and the soil is fertile, and especially adapted to fruit culture. The productions in 1870 were 162,677 bushels of wheat, 156,073 of oats, 4,376 of barley, 2,123 of rye, 772,899 of corn, 39,542 of potatoes, 54,208 lbs. of wool, 434,664 of butter, and $100,828 worth of orchard products. There were 16,333 sheep and 20,352 hogs, and the value of animals slaughtered was $308,186. In the S. E. part of the county, near the river, are valuable quarries and iron mines. Capital, West Union.
IV. An E. county of Indiana, bordering on Ohio; area, 324 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 11,382. It is drained by the Wabash and St. Mary's rivers. Forests of oak, beech, ash, hickory, and elm cover a large portion of the county. The soil is productive and the surface nearly level. The productions in 1870 were 172,331 bushels of wheat, 96,168 of corn, 88,697of oats, 12,408 tons of hay, 227,303 lbs. of butter, 32,847 of cheese, and 62,-957 of wool. Capital, Decatur.
V. AW. county of Illinois, separated from Missouri by the Mississippi river; area, 760 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 56,362. The Quincy and Eastern and the Quincy and Chicago railroads run through the county, and the Illinois and Southern Iowa railroad forms a junction with the Quincy and Eastern within its limits. Bear creek, an affluent of the Mississippi, drains the N. W. part. The surface is undulating and covered with forests, the soil rich and to a great extent cultivated. The products in 1870 were 1.452,905 bushels of corn, 963,807 of wheat, 759,074 of oats, and 104,855 lbs. of wool. There were 26,949 sheep and 56,442 hogs. Value of animals slaughtered, $1,103,518. There are many manufacturing establishments. Capital, Quincy.
VI. A S. W. county of Iowa; area, 432 sq. m.; pop. m 1870, 4,614. It is drained by the Nodaway river and several of its head streams. The Burlington and Missouri River railroad runs through it. In 1870 the county produced 60,716 bushels of wheat, 253,261 of corn, 40,-327 of oats, and 16,905 lbs. of wool. Capital, Quincy.
VII. A S. central county of Wisconsin, bounded W. and S. W. by the Wisconsin river, and drained by its affluents; area, 650 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 6,601. Large forests cover the county, and large quantities of lumber are cut and rafted down the Wisconsin. Water power is abundant. The products in 1870 were 123,454 bushels of wheat, 114,320 of corn, 88,831 of oats, and 60,701 of rye. Capital, Quincy.
VIII. A new county in S. Nebraska, bounded N. by the Platte river and drained by the Little Blue; pop. in 1870, 19.