Akbar, Or Akber, Jelal-ed-Deen Mohammed, the greatest of all the Mogul emperors of Hindo-stan, born Oct. 14, 1542, died in September, 1605, after reigning half a century. At the time of his accession to the throne of Delhi, on the death of his father Huinayun, his dominions embraced but three provinces; in the 40th year of his reign they numbered 15, embracing the whole of Hindostan N. of the Deccan. Akbar was tolerant of all forms of religious belief, and invited Portuguese missionaries from Goa to give him an account of Christianity, which, however, he did not adopt. He diminished the cruel and oppressive taxes laid on his Hindoo subjects, reformed the administration of the revenue, promoted commerce, and improved the roads of the empire. He encouraged learning and literature, and instituted schools in all parts of his empire. His history was written in Persian by his vizier, Abul Fazl, under the title Akbar Nameh, partly translated into English ("Ayeen Akbery, or the Institutes of Akber," 3 vols. 4to, Calcutta, 1783-'6, and London, 1800).