Akhalzikh Akhaltzikh, Achalzik, or Akhyskha, a strongly fortified town of Transcaucasian Russia, in the government of Kutais, on an affluent of the Kur, about 95 m. W. of Tiflis; pop. in 1869, 11,616, two thirds Armenians. It has a castle, a fine mosque containing a rich oriental library, several churches, and a synagogue, and is the seat of a Cireek archbishopric. It is situated in an elevated valley, in an Armenian district which was ceded by the Porte to Russia in the peace of Adrianople (1829).