Alamance, a N. county of North Carolina; area, 500 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 11,874, of whom 3,640 were colored. The river Haw, a branch of the Cape Fear, runs through the centre of the county, and through the W. part Alamance creek flows into the Haw. The soil is fertile and the surface undulating. The productions in 1870 were 86,284 bushels of wheat, 177,772 of corn, 0(5,274 of oats, and loo,570 lbs. of tobacco. In 1867 there were 26 churches, 4 academies, 5 cotton factories, and 5 flour mills. The North Carolina railroad traverses the county E. and W. Capital, Graham.